Optical Fiber Sensor Technology
Journal Article - Open Access
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON Canada
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Optical Fiber Sensors OFSs constitute a cornerstone sensing approach, with its foundations established almost 50 years ago. The prominent advantages of light guidance inside the confined geometry of glass or polymer optical fibers, for long distances with low losses, without being subjected to interference with other bands of the broader electromagnetic spectrum, and with the possibility of reliably tracinginterrogating externally introduced phase changes, have rendered OFSs a powerful sensing technology implemented into several civil and defense-related contemporary applications. Specific technological domains of OFSs have already reached maturity e.g., Bragg gratings and Fabry-Perot resonators with international standards being introduced, while others based on new types of optical fibers and materials exhibit great demonstrations and potential into new sensing fields and functionalities.
- Fiber Optics and Integrated Optics