North Korea: The Case for Offshore Balancing
AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL MAXWELL AFB United States
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Past diplomatic efforts and sanctions have failed to prevent the North Koreans from continuing their nuclear and missile ambitions. If diplomacy is the preferred method to solving this strategic challenge, then a new and unconventional diplomatic approach is in order. In this paper, I argue that the removal of U.S. ground forces from South Korea could be the catalyst to compel North Korea to denuclearize through a grand bargain while still maintaining regional stability and security. To support this, this paper will build on the structural realist perspective for the causes of North Koreas nuclear ambition and further provide insight into why previous diplomatic efforts have failed to deliver results. Additionally, this paper expands the concepts of offshore balancing to support the theoretical possibility of removing permanent U.S. forces in South Korea while still providing regional stability and security in the region. Finally, a negotiation framework is presented to outline how this diplomatic solution could potentially be achieved.
- Government and Political Science