Surface Phonon Polariton Resonance Imaging Using Long-Wave Infrared-Visible Sum-Frequency Generation Microscopy
Journal Article - Open Access
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON United States
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We experimentally demonstrate long-wave infrared-visible sum-frequency generation microscopy for imaging polaritonic resonances of infrared IR nanophotonic structures. This nonlinear-optical approach provides direct access to the resonant enhancement of the polaritonic near fields, while the spatial resolution is limited by the wavelength of the visible sum-frequency signal. As a proof-of-concept, we here study periodic arrays of subdiffractional nanostructures made of 4H-silicon carbide supporting localized surface phonon polaritons. By spatially scanning tightly focused incident beams, we observe excellent sensitivity of the sum-frequency signal to the resonant polaritonic field enhancement, with a much improved spatial resolution, here determined by the focus size of the visible up-conversion radiationbeam. However, we report that the tight focusing can also induce sample damage, ultimately limiting the achievable resolution with the scanning probe method. As a perspective approach toward overcoming this limitation, we discuss the concept of using wide-field sum-frequency generation microscopy as a universal experimental tool that would offer long-wave IR super-resolution microscopy with spatial resolution far below the IR diffraction limit.
- Solid State Physics