Accession Number:

AD1095887

Title:

TBI-Induced Formation of Toxic Tau and Its Biochemical Similarities to Tau in AD Brains

Descriptive Note:

Technical Report,15 Sep 2017,14 Sep 2018

Corporate Author:

Columbia University New York United States

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2018-10-01

Pagination or Media Count:

15.0

Abstract:

The goal of the current study is to demonstrate that blast-induced traumatic brain injury TBI and Alzheimers disease AD lead to similar biochemical changes in tau that increase its toxicity and contribute to cognitive and electrophysiological impairments. Specifically we will test the hypothesis that 1 blast-induced TBI leads to the production of a toxic form of tau that contributes to cognitive and electrophysiological impairments 2 the formation of soluble tau aggregates contributes to cognitive impairments associated with both blast-exposure and AD 3 an increase in tau phosphorylation contributes to cognitive impairments associated with both blast-exposure and AD. During the last year we have completed experiments related to the first point of the hypothesis, and started working on the second point. Specifically, we have found that the presence of tau is necessary for a preparation from shockwave-exposed mice to reduce 1 memory including contextual fear memory and spatial memory, and 2 long-term potentiation, a type of synaptic plasticity thought to underlie learning. We have also performed a dose response curve for the toxic effect of blasted tau onto memory and LTP.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Biochemistry

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE