Research, Coordination, Data Management and Enhancement of the International Arctic Buoy Programme (IABP)- A US Interagency Arctic Buoy Programme (USIABP) Contribution to the IABP
Technical Report,01 Aug 2017,01 Dec 2019
University of Washington Applied Physics Laboratory Seattle United States
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Our ability to predict weather and sea ice conditions requires in situ observations of surface meteorology and ice motion Chief of Naval Operations, 2019 National Research Council, 2012. These observations are used for validation of numerical models, for example, Allard et al. 2018 and Hebert et al. 2015 use IABP data to validate the Navy Global Ocean Forecasting System GOFS. These observations are also assimilated into Numerical Weather Prediction NWP models that are used to forecast weather on synoptic time scales, and into the many long-term atmospheric reanalyses that are used for innumerable climate studies e.g., NCEPNCAR Reanalysis, Kalnay et al. 1996. Over the Arctic Ocean, this fundamental observing network is maintained by the US Interagency Arctic Buoy Program and the International Arctic Buoy Programme. During the last 5 years, we deployed 271 buoys ranging in size from small Ice Trackers, to large Airborne Seasonal Ice Buoys, and Microstructure of Ice Salinity and Temperature buoys. Over 110 publications citing use of IABP data over the period of the most recent grant. These observations provide the longest continuous record for the Arctic and continue to be one of the cornerstones for environmental forecasting and research.
- Snow, Ice and Permafrost