Characterization of Vehicle Occupant Fracture Injury Pattern during Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF): 2007- 2010
Technical Report,01 Oct 2016,30 Sep 2019
ARMY AEROMEDICAL RESEARCH LAB FORT RUCKER AL FORT RUCKER United States
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Historically, occupant injury protection and prevention research has focused heavily on frontal, lateral, and oblique automobile and aviation impact events. Due to the increase in Underbody blast UBB events occurring during Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom OIFOEF, a need for research in cataloging high-velocity vertical impact injuries arose. The purpose of this study was to create a medical image catalog of operationally relevant injuries for researchers to recreate and validate lab-controlled experiments. Medical images, x-rays andor computed tomography CT scans, from Wounded in Action WIA and Killed in Action KIA individuals were reviewed and cataloged. For identified injuries, 2D images were captured and 3D reconstructions were created and placed into the 2007-2010 OIFOEF UBB Medical Image Catalog. This medical image catalog will inform researchers of the complexity and severity of injuries due to UBB, the possible loading dynamics, and potential mechanism of tissue failure for the development of effective personal protective equipment PPE, vehicle design, and other blast mitigating technologies.
- Weapons Effects (Biological)
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics