Countering Violent Extremism. Scientific Methods and Strategies
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON DC United States
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The causes of violent extremism are complex and multidimensional, and the strategies to deal with them need to be as well. Any effort to counter violent extremism will require a comprehensive approach involving participation from the whole of government including defense, state, and aid departments and agencies, as well as the support of others including non-government organizations. That is because strategies are needed to address both longer term issues development, amelioration of the source of socio-economic grievances, prevention of increased radicalization as well as shorter term issues e.g., security, dealing with instigators and perpetrators of violence, etc.. These strategies must be implemented through smart partnerships at various levels from national down to the individual. In many cases, it is efficacious to enlist the support of communities and families to counter violent extremism. This is a lesson learned by both law enforcement and development agencies long ago that often, family support and pressure can prevent someone from engaging in violence. Furthermore, the buy-in and ownership of communities into development projects is directly related to their long-term success. The comprehensive approach requires a strategic view that thinks in terms of government and societal participation to reduce violent extremism.
- Unconventional Warfare