Accession Number:

AD1090561

Title:

Sequential Modular Position and Momentum Measurements of a Trapped Ion Mechanical Oscillator

Descriptive Note:

Journal Article - Open Access

Corporate Author:

ETH Zrich, Institute for Quantum Electronics Zurich Switzerland

Report Date:

2018-04-02

Pagination or Media Count:

17.0

Abstract:

The noncommutativity of position and momentum observables is a hallmark feature of quantum physics. However, this incompatibility does not extend to observables that are periodic in these base variables. Such modular-variable observables have been suggested as tools for fault-tolerant quantum computing and enhanced quantum sensing. Here, we implement sequential measurements of modular variables in the oscillatory motion of a single trapped ion, using state-dependent displacements and a heralded nondestructive readout. We investigate the commutative nature of modular variable observables by demonstrating no-signaling in time between successive measurements, using a variety of input states. Employing a different periodicity, we observe signaling in time. This also requires wave-packet overlap, resulting in quantum interference that we enhance using squeezed input states. The sequential measurements allow us to extract two-time correlators for modular variables, which we use to violate a Leggett-Garg inequality. Signaling in time and Leggett-Garg inequalities serve as efficient quantum witnesses, which we probe here with a mechanical oscillator, a system that has a natural crossover from the quantum to the classical regime.

Subject Categories:

  • Quantum Theory and Relativity

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE