Urban Terrorism: The Siege of Marawi City
Technical Report,01 Aug 2017,01 Jun 2018
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS FORT LEAVENWORTH United States
Pagination or Media Count:
This thesis analyzed the new form of urban terrorism as displayed in the siege of Marawi City. It sought to analyze the factors in the operational environment that bred the expansion of urban terrorism in the Philippines. The case study method was used to draw out the results of the study. Crenshaws Theories on Terrorism, Elkus and Sullivans Spectrum of Urban Armed Assault, Savitchs Typology of Urban Terrorist Attack, and the Systems Perspective using the PMESII-RAFT model was used as a point of analysis. The results showed that there was a new form of terrorism that has bred out of the older forms of terrorism in the Philippines. The change in political ideology and organizational form is apparent as it evolved into an ISIS inspired ideology and leadership. Marawi City is vulnerable to urban terrorism when analyzed under the systems perspective using PMESII-RAFT model. These environmental factors influenced the rise of terrorism in the Philippines. Finally, the strategic assessment was done to draw out national and regional implications of urban terrorism was recommended for further study.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
- Unconventional Warfare
- Government and Political Science