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Superconducting Cavity Electro-Optics: A Platform for Coherent Photon Conversion Between Superconducting and Photonic Circuits

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Journal Article - Open Access

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Yale University New Haven United States

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Leveraging the quantum information-processing ability of superconducting circuits and long-distance distribution ability of optical photons promises the realization of complex and large-scale quantum networks. In such a scheme, a coherent and efficient quantum transducer between superconducting and photonic circuits is critical. However, this quantum transducer is still challenging because the use of intermediate excitations incurrent schemes introduces extra noise and limits bandwidth. We realize direct and coherent transduction between superconducting and photonic circuits based on the triple-resonance electro-optic principle, with integrated devices incorporating both superconducting and optical cavities on the same chip. Electromagnetically induced transparency is observed, indicating the coherent interaction between microwave and optical photons. Internal conversion efficiency of 25.9 or - 0.3 has been achieved, with 2.05 or - 0.04 total efficiency. Superconducting cavity electro-optics offers broad transduction bandwidth and high scalability and represents a significant step toward integrated hybrid quantum circuits and distributed quantum computation.

Subject Categories:

  • Electrooptical and Optoelectronic Devices
  • Fiber Optics and Integrated Optics

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