Improving Oversight and Coordination of Department of Defense Programs That Address Problematic Behaviors Among Military Personnel
RAND NATIONAL DEFENSE RESEARCH INST SANTA MONICA CA SANTA MONICA United States
Pagination or Media Count:
The U.S. Department of Defense DoD has begun to search for an integrated solution to a range of behaviors that members of the military exhibit that have had an adverse impact on operational readiness or on the well-being of service members and their familiesbehaviors that DoD calls problematic. After nearly two decades of persistent conflict and facing declining resources, the military services have taken steps in recent years to integrate the management of programs that address both positive and negative behaviors affecting personnel readiness and resiliency. Although the Office of the Secretary of Defense OSD has followed a largelystovepiped approach to behavioral program supervision, the Office of Diversity Management and Equal Opportunity ODMEO asked the RAND Corporation to help identify options for improving OSDs coordination and oversight of efforts to mitigate problematic behavior among military personnel. This final report provides the results of the RAND study examining the integration of programs for addressing a particular set of problematic behaviors sexual harassment, sexual assault, discrimination, substance abuse, suicide, and hazing. ODMEO selected these behavioral programs because they fell within the full or partial purview of the military deputy to the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness at the time of our research and because they provided a good basis for integrative analysis. The report combines the results of the two major lines of research the first related to the development of a typology of common risk and protective factors and prevention methods for problematic behavior, and the second related to the organization, coordination, oversight, and managerial practices of programs at the DoD-wide and service levels to address problematic behavior. Following the discussion of findings from the two lines of research, the report lays out a series of recommendations for OSD going forward.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Military Forces and Organizations