Accession Number:



The Foundations of Operational Resilience - Assessing the Ability to Operate in an Anti-Access/Area Denial (A2/AD) Environment: The Analytical Framework, Lexicon, and Characteristics of the Operational Resilience Analysis Model (ORAM)

Descriptive Note:

[Technical Report, Research Report]

Corporate Author:

RAND Corporation

Report Date:


Pagination or Media Count:



In the face of growing anti-accessarea denial A2AD challenges, the United States must posture airpower to accomplish missions while under intense and persistent attack. In other words, U.S. air forces must have operational resilience the capacity to withstand attack, adapt, and generate sufficient combat power to achieve campaign objectives in the face of continued, adaptive enemy action. Although several analytic efforts at RAND and elsewhere have studied selected elements of Air Force base resilience, little has been done to determine how potential adversaries could tailor their attacks for greatest effect in negating U.S. airpower capabilities or to assess a wide range of potential resilience improvements to evaluate trade-offs between them and identify which one or combination of measures would result in the most resilient force posture, theater-wide.


Subject Categories:

  • Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]