The U.S. Japan Alliance and Deterring Gray Zone Coercion in the Maritime, Cyber, and Space Domains
RAND CORP ARLINGTON VA ARLINGTON United States
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To understand the importance of the U.S.-Japan alliance against the backdrop of a rapidly changing international environment in the Asia-Pacific, RAND convened a conference in early2017 focused on the use of gray zone coercion in the maritime, cyber, and space domains. The conference brought together leading U.S. and Japanese experts to unearth areas of shared understanding and divergence in thinking on the two sides of the Pacific when it comes to dealing with Chinese efforts to reshape the international order through coercion designed to fall below the level that would invoke a treaty response under the U.S.-Japan alliance. The conference found numerous opportunities for the allies to collaborate in improving shared understandings, reducing ambiguities that China can exploit, stigmatizing gray zone coercion ,hardening defenses, and preparing to impose costs. Although it will not be easy to deter grayzone coercion in the maritime, cyber, and space domains, the allies face strong incentives to improve their coordination and strengthen deterrence now, before China or other actors changethe status quo at the expense of Washington and Tokyo.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
- Defense Systems