Relationship of Military Deployment, Active Duty Status, and Prenatal Anxiety on Maternal Inflammatory Cytokines
59th Medical Wing San Antonio
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Maternal prenatal stress and anxiety are common and have shown dramatic effects on maternal physiology. Specifically, increased stress during pregnancy elevates pro-inflammatory cytokines, while suppressing anti-inflammatory cytokines impacting the maternalfetal immune relationship. Consequently, pregnancy-specific stresses, such as identifying with being a mother, preparation for labor, and fears of well-being have been found to be predictors of preterm birth and low birth weight. As military operational needs have intensified so has the stress and anxiety experienced by active duty members and their spouses. Particularly, the deployment of the spousepartner during pregnancy can have real and long-term impacts on associated pregnancy-related stresses.
- Medicine and Medical Research