Resilience: A Multilevel Construct in the US Army
ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES FORT BELVOIR VA FORT BELVOIR United States
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Unit resilience, defined here as a multi-phasic process in which members of the unit collectively apply their respective skills, abilities, and resources to 1 prepare for adversity by planning and anticipating problems, 2 successfully respond to challenging events by withstanding or adapting to stressors, and 3 recover, either by returning to baseline or an improved state through learning and growth. Existing theory and research on resilience has typically focused on either individual or organizational resilience, with little consideration for teamunit resilience, or potential cross-level effects. To this end, we integrate established construct validation principles with recent advancements in multilevel theory and methodology to propose a framework to empirically establish resilience as a multilevel construct. Addressing each step in our methodology will help clarify how we conceptualize resilience, how to accurately assess resilience at the unit level, and importantly, how it relates to other constructs residing at the same or proximal levels.