Better Friends Than Rivals: Canada's Strategic Defense Relationships
AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AIR FORCE BASE United States
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The bilateral Canadian-American relationship can be traced back to the end of the War of 1812 however, formal security cooperation between the two neighbors was not initiated until 1940. NATO was officially born out of the result of the Second World War, however the influence of the First World War is hidden just beneath the surface. Today, the threats that instigated these formal security relationships are either no longer present, in the case of Nazi Germany, or potent, in the case of a belligerent Russia. This study applies the three main frameworks from international relations theory to examine the reasons why Canada entered into its two main security relationships, and whether these relationships are sufficient today. The principal finding of this study is that while realist motivations were key drivers in creating the two security relationships in question, liberal and constructivist ideas have held them together over time. Additionally, these two relationships play important roles in how Canada pursues its foreign policy objectives. Bilateral Canadian-American security cooperation provides for Canadas essential national security objectives, while NATO provides Canada with an avenue to pursue human security objectives.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Forces and Organizations