Accession Number:



Shaping the Deep Fight: Operational Implications for the 21st Century Subterranean Conflict.

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Technical Report,25 Jun 2018,23 May 2019

Corporate Author:

US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

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Over time, underground warfare continues to maintain its allure in conflict as combatants seek a competitive edge over their opponent. Currently, most US doctrine addressing the subterranean environment is from a tactical perspective, focusing on technology, techniques, and procedures to combat a subterranean threat. Understanding subterranean operations remains critical as the United States endeavors to understand themselves, its enemies, and the future environment while preserving the American way of life. Through historical analysis and the development of a subterranean typology, this study provides the operational planner with a better understanding of the operational implications of a subterranean fight. This understanding is critical to the success of the United States in large scale combat operations. It will allow the operational level planner to better understand the operating environment, estimate the enemys capabilities, and provide the combatant commander with more suitable options for success. The subterranean threat is not an army problem, rather a defense problem requiring combined resources and assets at all echelons. However, physical effects are only cogent when they are followed by deliberate cognitive design and virtual shaping effects.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Forces and Organizations
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

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