Arranging Operations: General Douglas MacArthur in New Guinea 1942-1943
Technical Report,25 Jun 2018,23 May 2019
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS FORT LEAVENWORTH United States
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With the Armys renewed focus on Large Scale Combat Operations against a peer threat, past instances deserve to be studied. The current concept of arranging operations and other elements of operational design can be overlaid on these historical examples to examine their use and effectiveness. This monograph studies how General Douglas MacArthur arranged operations and incorporated other aspects of operational design in two campaigns in the Southwest Pacific Area. The first case study is of the Papuan Campaign, a slow, costly operation resulting in the seizure of Buna, Gona, and Sanananda on the north coast of New Guinea. This was the first Allied ground victory in the Pacific. The second case study covers Operation Cartwheel and MacArthurs fight to secure the Huon Peninsula. Both operations occurred during the Solomon Islands Campaign, which added complexity as all competed for resources and required coordination and cooperation. The findings of this monograph show that MacArthur was a successful operational artist, integrating ends, ways, and means while balancing risk able to arrange tactical actions and achieve operational results.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
- Military Intelligence