The Operational Art of Sustaining Operation Avalanche
Technical Report,25 Jun 2018,23 May 2019
Army School of Advanced Military Studies FORT LEAVENWORTH United States
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In early October 1943, General Dwight D. Eisenhower surveyed the destruction left behind in Naples, Italy, by the retreating German army. Despite the destruction, the Allies secured the port and successfully began the buildup of men, equipment, and material to continue combat operations in Italy. The Fifth Army achieved Operation Avalanches objective to secure basing in Italy for further operations. The success of combat operations during Operation Avalanche depended on well-coordinated logistical planning and execution. US and British logistic planners supported an emerging strategy in the Mediterranean by anticipating requirements and linking strategic resources to tactical consumption. Using the lens of operational art provides clarity as to how logisticians supported large-scale combat operations in a contested environment. The elements of operational art and principles of sustainment are tools to help understand the development of Operation Avalanche as the Allies strategy evolved in the Mediterranean.
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics