Partner Operations in North Burma: Assessing By, With, and Through
Technical Report,25 Jun 2018,23 May 2019
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS FORT LEAVENWORTH United States
Pagination or Media Count:
To be an effective operational approach, by, with, and through BWT must address the entire spectrum of conflict to successfully employ and maximize the capacity and unique capabilities of surrogate forces. Partner operations are not the only means to shape the theater or address contingency operations. With the return of great power competition, current adversaries possess the ability to contest the US military in multiple domains through layers of strategic and operational stand-off. The use of surrogate forces provides unique capabilities and the means to provide access and depth while also preserving strategic flexibility, building legitimacy, and extending operational reach. However, to succeed, partner operations and the use of surrogate forces require the careful alignment of interests unity of command balanced with the need to preserve partner agency the careful employment of surrogate forces within their capabilities the necessary resources and enabler support to sustain operations and unity of effort toward a common objective. Most importantly, however, partnerships are maintained and continued through personal relationships, leadership, and mutual trust. To validate this thesis, this paper is divided into four sections. The first section establishes the framework for analysis by providing a description of BWT, an overview of current doctrine and appropriate terminology, and a discussion of partner operations as a component unified action, unified land operations, and multi-domain operations. Using the North Burma Campaign of 1943-1944, the paper will examine the use of the Chinese Army in India and Office of Strategic Services OSS Detachment DET 101 to assess the relative effectiveness of surrogate forces and the components of partner operations that enabled the achievement of operational and strategic objectives.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
- Military Forces and Organizations