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US Inter-Agency Unity of Effort in Stability Operations: Ad hoc Solutions for Recurring Problems

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Technical Report,25 Jun 2018,23 May 2019

Corporate Author:

US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

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The synchronization between US military and US civilian agencies during stability operations has proved problematic during past and present conflicts. While there has been an acknowledgment by the US government and US military of the importance of unity of effort, the current organizational structure present during stability operations is inadequate to achieve a unified effort and the United States has relied on ad-hoc structures to compensate. Counterinsurgency theory and US military doctrine both emphasize the importance of unity of effort during stability operations, but solutions like the National Security Council have failed to solve the ongoing problem. The Civil Operations and Revolutionary Development CORDS structure during the Vietnam War and the Provincial Reconstruction Teams PRT structure during Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan pose two ad-hoc models developed during stability operations in an attempt to unify the civilian and military efforts. Both cases provide frameworks illustrating positive and negative practices, and the dangers of relying solely on ad-hoc organizations to solve institutional organizational problems.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

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