The Aerial Pursuit of National Objectives: Operation Linebacker II, Operation Deliberate Force, and Operation Allied Force
Technical Report,25 Jun 2018,23 May 2019
U.S. Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States
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This monograph examines how the United States and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization employed air power to obtain national objectives in Operation Linebacker II, Operation Deliberate Force, and Operation Allied Force. This monograph primarily uses Dr. Mark Clodfelters Framework for Evaluating Air Power Effectiveness as a means to evaluate these campaigns and test the hypothesis that an air campaign positively impacts national objectives when it effectively targets an enemys military vulnerabilities in which it has no equal means of response. The results of these case studies demonstrate air powers ability to obtain or positively contribute to the achievement of national objectives when used as the predominate or sole means of combat power. Findings indicate that although effective targeting was crucial to these campaigns, there were other factors of equal or greater importance. Although each case study provides unique insights to the effective use of air power in pursuit of national objectives, common themes for all three include the evolution of national objectives to match military capability, the isolation of the adversary from its perceived allies, and a type of war waged by the adversary conducive to targeting or exploitation by air power.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics