4-drug Nerve Block versus Plain Local Anesthetic for Knee and Hip Arthroplasty Analgesia in Veterans
Technical Report,30 Sep 2016,29 Sep 2017
PITTSBURGH UNIV PITTSBURGH United States
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For joint replacement, single-injection nerve blocks with local anesthetics are simple to perform, but only provide 12-16 hours of pain relief that includes muscle weakness. This study will evaluate an innovative 36-hour single-injection nerve block that combines a low-concentration local anesthetic with other pain relievers injected near the nerve. In veterans undergoing total hip or knee replacement, we will compare single-injection nerve blocks with the plain local anesthetic bupivacaine against a 4-drug combination including bupivacaine in veterans undergoing hip or knee replacement surgery. The other 3 drugs are clonidine-buprenorphine-dexamethasone CBD. Based on these two treatments, the goals are to determine differing effects on 1 pain 2 physical function 3 discharge plans after hospital care 4 satisfaction with treatment and emotional response and 5 symptoms and adverse events. These outcome domains will be measured using both validated and innovative methods. Preoperative baseline survey data will be collected, and patient-follow-up will take place during days 1-4, and at 2 and 6 weeks after surgery. This research is projected to take approximately four years. We project that the 36-hour single-injection 4-drug nerve block will have immediate military relevance, by reducing or eliminating the complexity involved with inserting nerve block catheters in injured soldiers in or near the battlefield before lengthy transport to definitive medical care.
- Medicine and Medical Research