Accession Number:



Nanosatellite and Plug-and-Play Architecture II (NAPA II) Update

Descriptive Note:

Technical Report,12 Jan 2016,12 Aug 2019

Corporate Author:

Air Force Research Laboratory, Space Vehicles Directorate Kirtland AFB United States

Report Date:


Pagination or Media Count:



Under a second 12M program agreement PA between US and Sweden PA-TRDP-US-SW-AF-13-01, AFRL and FMV developed concepts from the previous NAPA program e.g.a common plug and play technology with four focus areas 1 missions, 2 mission studies, 3 i-Missions, and 4 technology development. The core mission activity involved development of a 6U-format Space Plug-and-play Architecture SPA Research Cubesat SPARC. SPARC-1 first and only pursued under this PA demonstrates rapidlycomposable and service oriented spacecraft networks. In the mission studies focus area, the USSweden collaborative team explores concepts as diverse as mesh communication networks, synthetic aperture radar, combat search and rescue, blue force tracking, space situation awareness, and potentially other militarily relevant roles. SPARC-1 launched 4 May 2019. The i-Missions focus area studies the kinetics of rapid mission development. The methodology involves interchangeable blackbox self-describing components, softwaremiddleware and applications, advanced pushbutton tools supporting accelerated design flows, and elements of ground systems architecture capable of working fluidly with networks of potentially hundreds of these platforms. The technologies focus area develops miniature spacecraft components and subsystems. This program is on-going projected complete in Spring 2020, and this interim report summarizes a snapshot, as of August 2019.

Subject Categories:

  • Unmanned Spacecraft

Distribution Statement: