Sleep Disturbances Associated with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
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59 MDW San Antonio United States
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Posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD is a trauma and stress-related disorder that is characterized by re-experiencing, avoidance, hyperarousal, and negative alterations in cognition or mood 1. Events that involve threat to integrity of self or others such as rape, physical assault, natural disasters, and combat exposure are commonly associated with the development of PTSD 1. The lifetime prevalence of PTSD among adults in the United States ranges from 6 to 10 2,3, with women being more than twice as likely to have PTSD at some point. Significantly higher estimates have been reported in combat veterans 15-30 4. Rates of PTSD in veterans are higher if they were stationed in combat zones, had tours of longer than 1 year, experienced combat, or were injured. Specifically, among veterans with deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan, 31-86 report multiple traumatic combat exposures and 11-20 endorse significant PTSD symptoms 5,6.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Stress Physiology