Norfolk Harbor Improvement Study, Virginia: Norfolk Harbor Deepening and Widening Ship Simulation Results
ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS VICKSBURG United States
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In 2018, the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center ERDC, Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, participated in a navigation study to assist the Virginia Port Authority evaluation of a proposed channel widening alternative for the Port of Norfolk, Virginia. The proposal will allow large coal colliers and containerships to load to a deeper draft. The proposals also included deepening portions of Norfolk Harbor and providing additional widening in one section for two-way traffic. The simulations were conducted at the Maritime Institute of Technical and Graduate Studies MITAGS facility in Linthicum, MD. Moffatt and Nichol directed the simulation and modeling efforts, with assistance from Webb Simulation Consulting. The U.S. Army Engineer District, Norfolk, and ERDC provided oversight to ensure that all U.S. Army Corps of Engineers simulator study requirements were met. The MITAGS simulator includes a variety of environmental forces act upon the ship during the simulation transit. These include currents, wind, waves, bathymetry, and ship-to-ship interaction. Online simulations of the project were conducted at MITAGS. Seven mariners including harbor pilots and a master mariner participated in the testing and validation exercises. Results in the form of track plots and pilot questionnaires were reviewed to develop final conclusions.
- Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology