Development of a Cholera Epidemiological Risk Assessment Framework
CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LAB (ARMY) CHAMPAIGN IL CHAMPAIGN United States
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This report presents technical explanations and specific enumerations for a cholera risk framework developed as a part of a multi-year project funded by the Army Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Program. This effort employed a novel data-conflation technology called the Framework for the Integration of Complex Urban Systems FICUS, which uses a broad base of peer-reviewed research on established indicators of sociocultural or health-driven risk conditions of interest for intelligence or threat analysis in a given region. Researchers performed a specialized case study that incorporates results and data from previous programmatic work, including FICUS development and an existing theoretical humanitarian crisis HC framework. New data required for this framework included identification of conditions for contracting cholera, micro-survey data from global resources, and a digital population model that matches the survey data to existing population census data. The cholera framework research succeeded in using relevant microdata from the HC framework, then manipulating the HC framework to better inform cholera risk modeling. In general, the use of risk-analysis frameworks with FICUS is intended to produce case studies that provide non-obvious insights to the user while accounting for and reducing data gaps and uncertainties.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Civil Defense