Hostile Social Manipulation Present Realities and Emerging Trends
RAND NATIONAL DEFENSE RESEARCH INST SANTA MONICA CA SANTA MONICA United States
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The role of information warfare in global strategic competition has become much more apparent in recent years. Todays practitioners of what this report terms hostile social manipulation employ targeted social media campaigns, sophisticated forgeries, cyberbullying and harassment of individuals, distribution of rumors and conspiracy theories, and other tools and approaches to cause damage to the target state. This emerging practice reflects an updated and modified version of many long-established forms of influence, including propaganda, active measures, disinformation, and political warfare, a group of techniques sometimes referred to with the overarching term measures short of war. The subject has become a leading topic of debate in the West in the wake of reports of Russian election interference, not only in the United States but throughout Europe.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics