Injuries Among Military Paratroopers - Current Evidence and Data Gaps
Technical Report,28 Feb 2018,28 Feb 2019
US Army Public Health Ctr APG-EA United States
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Synthesize scientific evidence regarding military paratrooper injuries to 1 characterize injury rates, types of injuries, factors. 2 Describe gaps and future study recommendations. RATIONALE Prior studies describe military parachuting inherent risks or activity as relatively safe paratroopers receive hazard pay. Prior studies are for individual units trainees, only certain acute immediate injuries, and present rates as injuries per jumps, so rates cannot be compared to that from other military activities. FINDINGS -Current data only reflects ACUTE injuries - not injuries from overall jump exposures over time or in combination with other military exposures. - Airborne trainees have lowest injury rates 6 acute injuries1000 jumps due to the emphasis on safety and instructional oversight. - Operational paratroopers have higher injury rate 15 acute injuries1000 jumps - in part from unavoidable risk factors, may be also due to less oversight recall of safety procedures such as proper paratrooper landing PLF. - Injury rates could be reduced with parachuting ankle brace PAB currently not used - Evidence is not yet adequate to characterize whether recent equipmentprocedure changes like the T-11 parachute have reduced risks or changed the injury distributions i.e., most common injury types and body regions affected. - Lower extremity ankle injuries appear to be most common among trainees operational paratroopers experience more acute back and spine and head and neck injuries. Compare injury rates for BOTH acute and overuse injuries, types and body regions, cost between Active Army paratrooper population and comparison cohort. Use standardized injury definition, body region categories, and injury types Injury taxonomy, APHC 2017, 2018 in future paratrooper injury studiesIdentify injured body regiontypes to suggest equipment andor procedural changes to reduce injuries.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations