Building logical qubits in a superconducting quantum computing system
Journal Article - Open Access
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center Yorktown Heights United States
Pagination or Media Count:
The technological world is in the midst of a quantum computing and quantum information revolution. Since Richard Feynmans famous plenty of room at the bottom lecture Feynman, Engineering and Science 23, 22 1960, hinting at the notion of novel devices employing quantum mechanics, the quantum information community has taken gigantic strides in understanding the potential applications of a quantum computer and laid the foundational requirements for building one. We believe that the next significant step will be to demonstrate a quantum memory, in which a system of interacting qubits stores an encoded logical qubit state longer than the incorporated parts. Here, we describe the important route towards a logical memory with superconducting qubits, employing a rotated version of the surface code. The current status of technology with regards to interconnected superconducting-qubit networks will be described and near-term areas of focus to improve devices will be identified. Overall, the progress in this exciting field has been astounding, but we are at an important turning point, where it will be critical to incorporate engineering solutions with quantum architectural considerations, laying the foundation towards scalable fault-tolerant quantum computers in the near future.
- Quantum Theory and Relativity