Using Self-Organizing Maps for In situ Monitoring of Melt Pool Thermal Profiles for Porosity Prediction in Laser Based Additive Manufacturing Processes
Technical Report,01 Jan 2017,31 Jan 2018
Army Research Laboratory APG United States
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The objective of this technical note is to use unsupervised machine learning to characterize the underlying thermophysical dynamics of laser-based additive manufacturing LBAM captured by melt pool signals to predict porosity during the build. Herein, a novel porosity detection method is proposed based on morphological features and the temperature distribution of the top surface of the melt pool as the LBAM part is being built. Self-organizing maps SOMs are then used to further analyze the2D melt pool dataset to identify similar and dissimilar melt pools. The significance of the proposed methodology based on melt pool profile is that this may lead the way toward in-situ monitoring to minimize or eliminate pores within LBAM parts.
- Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering and Control of Production Systems