Accession Number:

AD1076333

Title:

Measuring Very High Frequency and Ultrahigh Frequency Radio Noise in Urban Environments: A Mobile Measurement System for Radio Frequency Noise

Descriptive Note:

Technical Report

Corporate Author:

COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB, ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER HANOVER NH HANOVER United States

Report Date:

2019-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

47.0

Abstract:

Radio-frequency RF background noise is an important parameter in designing and predicting performance of RF communication and sensor systems. Modern man-made RF noise consists of unintentional emissions from sources such as electronic devices, power transmission lines, and internal combustion engine ignitions. Governments and academia have previously measured RF noise at fixed, representative locations within the urban environment. Considering the heterogeneous mix of office buildings, retail and residential buildings, transportation hubs, and parks that compromise modern cities, we hypothesize that RF-noise power varies significantly throughout the urban environment. To characterize this variability, we present a mobile, tunable RF-noise measurement system designed to record frequencies from 63 MHz to 1 GHz in a 1 MHz to 10 MHz bandwidth. This report describes the system design, including the choice of preselection filters, preamplifiers, and RF shielding necessary to measure low RF-noise levels while avoiding intermodulation distortion problems that arise in an environment with many strong emitters. Additionally, we describe techniques developed to reliably geolocate RF data in urban environments. GPS global positioning system reception is often poor in dense urban environments. We mitigate this issue by using a 1 m surveying wheel for geolocation.

Subject Categories:

  • Radiofrequency Wave Propagation
  • Radio Communications

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE