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By, With, and Through: Capacity Building and the Canadian Armed Forces

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Technical Report,01 Jul 2017,30 Apr 2018

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US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United States

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In November 2017, the Government of Canada announced a new capacity-building mission in support of the United Nations. When considering the employment of the Canadian Armed Forces CAF around the world, capacity building currently represents the vast majority of CAF operations. This raises two important questions. Why does the Canadian government favor capacity building operations What drives the Canadian public support for international operations and does capacity building meet these expectations This monograph argues that capacity-building missions are uniquely suited to meet the current governments intent and the expectations of Canadians for the use of the Canadian military. By understanding why the government and people favor one type of mission over another, the CAFs leadership can shape military advice on the employment of military forces, drive force generation requirements, and provide a most likely scenario for the development of training, doctrine, and organizational structures. To support this thesis, this monograph examines the governments intent for the CAF as stated in the foreign and defense policies. Research reveals five key objectives for the use of military force overseas contributing to global stability, strengthening multilateral institutions, reinforcing Canadian-US military relationships, countering global threats, and maintaining a combat credible force. Using academic papers, research polls, and reports on CAF operations, the monograph also examines how Canadians influence government policies through public support in terms of three concerns. Canadians want to understand clear national security links and military objectives. They also judge CAF operations in terms of acceptable costs of risk of casualties combined with the length of the mission. The monograph concludes with why capacity-building best reconcile the Canadian governments intent while maintaining public support.

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  • Military Forces and Organizations

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