Accession Number:



Adaptation in multinational organizations: the multinational force and observers transformational change in the face of ISIS in Sinai

Descriptive Note:

Technical Report,26 Jun 2017,24 May 2018

Corporate Author:

U.S. Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:


Pagination or Media Count:



This paper seeks to understand how the Multinational Force and Observers MFO in the Sinai Peninsula adapted in response to a shifting operational environment from inception in 1982 through its most drastic changes in 2016. This examination looks at these adaptations through the lens of the Burke-Litwin model to understand the extent to which the Multinational Forces and Observers changed their aims to meet the strategic goals of the Treaty of Peace. Further, this paper explores whether, while adjusting to the evolving operational environment, the rate of change matched the operational environment, and what may have caused resistance to the process. Results from this study found that while the MFO did conduct transformational change, a lag existed between increased violence in the operational environment and adaptation by the MFO. Issues related to recognizing differences in the situation, culture, policies, and management practices were a contributing factor to the slow response by the MFO to the changing environment.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
  • Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement: