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Comparative analysis of Canadian and American approaches to military diversity.

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Technical Report,26 Jun 2017,24 May 2018

Corporate Author:

U.S. Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

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It is critical that the military within a democracy embodies the same values, beliefs, and cultures that it represents. It is equally important that its membership reflects the diversity found within the Canadian population to legitimize its activities. This monograph examines why the Canadian Armed Forces has consistently failed to meet its diversity recruitment targets over the last fifteen years. An analysis centering on a comparison of the Canadian and US approaches to this problem was performed focusing on three different aspects Canadian and American diversity strategies changes to diversity laws and policies over time and changes to recruitment and retention policies. This monograph suggests that the diversity representation statistics of both countries are comparable, except for visible minority representation which is significantly higher in the United States for reasons discussed within this paper. This analysis also reveals that Canadas ten-year goal for the representation rates of diversity groups will prove challenging to achieve with existing Canadian recruitment and retention policies.

Subject Categories:

  • Sociology and Law
  • Military Forces and Organizations

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