Accession Number:



Uncodified: The Development of Military Component Police Assistance from Operation Uphold Democracy

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Technical Report,26 Jun 2017,24 May 2018

Corporate Author:

US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United States

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The US military has attempted to provide police assistance in nearly every conflict following the Vietnam War. After 1975, the US Army tried to build police capability in Panama, Haiti, Bosnia, Iraq, Afghanistan, and other countries, without an established doctrine for police assistance. During the intervention in Haiti, Operation Uphold Democracy, the military planned and implemented numerous policing innovations. After the operation, the US Army did not record the experience of creating an international armed police force, developing emergency police training, co-opting police facilities, or other innovations in doctrine. The armed forces did not build police assistance capability because of the organizational structure employed. Separately, military police, special forces, infantry units, and their headquarters addressed the police problem. Thomas Kuhn, a Harvard University professor who taught the development of science, created an applicable model of scientific progress. Kuhn posited that without a community of scientists there could be no paradigm or model to explain phenomena. Kuhns model is uniquely suitable for understanding the lack of police assistance knowledge development after the military attempted to support the establishment of two police forces and provide civil security in Haiti.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
  • Humanities and History
  • Administration and Management

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