Accession Number:



Sustaining the All-Volunteer Force in the Era of the Operational Army National Guard

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Technical Report,26 Jun 2017,24 May 2018

Corporate Author:

US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United States

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September 11, 2001 marks a significant evolution in the utilization of the Army National Guard ARNG. Since that time, the ARNG has transitioned from a strategic reserve into an operational force. The ability of the ARNG to function as an operational force relies fundamentally on the ability to maintain the All-Volunteer Force AVF. However, current trends within the population of the United States such as obesity, drug use, and decreased willingness to serve are decreasing the pool of eligible recruits and threatening the viability of the AVF. This monograph investigates shifts in societal demographics since 2001 and explores the resultant effects in an effort to frame the current recruiting environment. The monograph then examines current ARNG personnel data to understand the challenges facing the recruiting and retention force. Utilizing the analysis of the past seventeen years, the monograph proposes an operational approach to address both the symptoms of the decreasing recruit pool and the underlying root causes.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Forces and Organizations
  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations

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