Adaptive Facilitation Skills for Army Instructors
Technical Report,01 Nov 2015,31 May 2017
APTIMA INC WOBURN MA WOBURN United States
Pagination or Media Count:
The process of adapting instruction to meet individual student needs is not a trivial challenge and places many demands on instructors. The U.S. Army is one of the organizations attempting to meet this challenge. In this research, a method and instructional tool was developed and tested for supporting Army instructors within the Abrams Tank Maintenance Advanced Individual Training AIT program to recognize and diagnose individual learner problems, and adaptively employ instructional techniques in near real-time to correct those problems. Following a thorough review of literature, extensive quantitative and qualitative data were gathered through a series of observations, questionnaires, and focus groups with instructors and students. These data helped to identify and narrow down top challenges students face in the course, associated observable student behaviors, diagnostic techniques, and recommended instructional strategies. Finally, an empirical evaluation of the tool was conducted. The findings from the evaluation were favorable and indicated that the Abrams AIT instructors found the instructional tool to be helpful especially for brand new or novice instructors. The full process, solution prototypes, evaluation results, and theoretical and practical implications are discussed. The instructional tool is included as a DVD.
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