Virtual Anatomy-- 1900
Journal Article - Open Access
National Museum of Health and Medicine, USAMRMC Silver Spring United States
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Since the Renaissance, medical students have learned human anatomy by studying cadavers. An anatomist dissected a corpse while explaining the spatial relationships of different organs and their interaction within the human body. By the 19th century, an increasing supply of cadavers, from executed criminals or unclaimed bodies, allowed students to learn by performing their own dissections. Pocket anatomical books served as guides, but three-dimensional anatomical structures were difficult to convey via narrative and wood-cut drawings. Dr. Louis Auzoux 17971880 began manufacturing papier mache anatomical models in 1827. Enlarged models also allowed a detailed depiction of anatomical structures referenced by an associated guidebook and could be dissected to allow the study of the relationship of internal structures.
- Anatomy and Physiology