Metasurface Based MEMS THZ-TO-IR Focal Plane Array
Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States
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Terahertz THz technology has gained momentum in recent years owing to special properties of THz waves being non-ionizing and at the same time being able to penetrate through non-metallic and non-polar materials. Nearly perfect THz absorption, optimized to particular THz quantum cascade laser QCL illumination sources, was achieved using metal-dielectric metasurfaces. The metasurfaces are composed of ultra-thin films of silicon oxide and aluminum, deposited on silicon substrates, and were fabricated using standard MEMS processes. The metasurface absorbers were structurally integrated onto an array of thermally insulated free-standing MEMS membranes that work as heat accumulators. The temperature of array is probed directly by a commercial thermal camera, translating the THz scene to infrared. The main characteristics such as spectral response, thermal time constant and sensitivity are controlled by the geometry and tuned by design according to the application demands. The results indicate great potential of using these THz sensors in real-time imaging applications. This thesis focuses on the development of the broadband IR emitter that will be probed by the IR camera. Several metamaterial broadband IR emitter geometries were evaluated and compared using finite element simulations.
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment
- Electrooptical and Optoelectronic Devices