Challenges To Reforming Intelligence Agencies In Re Democratizing Countries: The Case Of Mali
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States
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This thesis aspires to identify how Mali can develop effective agencies without jeopardizing its process of re-democratization. Specifically, it seeks to determine which mechanisms of democratic control and oversight Mali needs to institutionalize in its intelligence sector. Looking at how Romania and Spain two new democracies that underwent transitions to democracy before Mali have institutionalized democratic reform of intelligence, this thesis finds that Mali should develop standards, procedures and mechanisms allowing for democratic and civil control, as well as the supervision of intelligence services promote expertise capabilities for more effective intelligence agencies and institutionalize specific educational and training requirements, as well as the transparency and cooperation of intelligence services.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Intelligence