Accession Number:

AD1064915

Title:

Speciation, Population Structure, and Demographic History of the Mojave Fringe-toed Lizard (Uma scoparia), a Species of Conservation Concern

Descriptive Note:

Journal Article - Open Access

Corporate Author:

HUMBOLDT STATE UNIV ARCATA CA ARCATA

Report Date:

2014-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

17.0

Abstract:

The North American deserts were impacted by both Neogene plate tectonics and Quaternary climatic fluctuations, yet it remains unclear how these events influenced speciation in this region. We tested published hypotheses regarding the timing and mode of speciation, population structure, and demographic history of the Mojave Fringe-toed Lizard Uma scoparia, a sand dune specialist endemic to the Mojave Desert of California and Arizona. We sampled 109 individual lizards representing 22 insular dune localities, obtained DNA sequences for 14 nuclear loci, and found that U. scoparia has low genetic diversity relative to the U. notata species complex, comparable to that of chimpanzees and southern elephant seals. Analyses of genotypes using Bayesian clustering algorithms did not identify discrete populations within U. scoparia. Using isolation with-migration IM models and a novel coalescent-based hypothesis testing approach, we estimated that U. scoparia diverged from U. notata in the Pleistocene epoch. The likelihood ratio test and the Akaike Information Criterion consistently rejected nested speciation models that included parameters for migration and population growth of U. scoparia. We reject the Neogene vicariance hypothesis for the speciation of U. scoparia and define this species as a single evolutionarily significant unit for conservation purposes.

Subject Categories:

  • Biology
  • Genetic Engineering and Molecular Biology
  • Ecology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE