Applicability of Desalination Systems to Drought Relief Applications
Technical Report,01 Nov 2018,01 Dec 2018
NAVAL FACILITIES ENGINEERING COMMAND PORT HUENEME CA PORT HUENEME United States
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Congress tasked the Navy to write a report on desalinization technologys application for defense and national security purposes to provide drought relief to areas impacted by sharp declines in water resources. Due to the number of variations in terminology, technology, and potential scenarios, this report will be generalized in several areas. Nevertheless, the general answer is desalination processes have application to drought relief scenarios. Fresh water is required for nearly all human endeavors including drinking, hygiene, agriculture, and many industrial processes. As such, if a saline water source is the best available during a contingency, then desalination is fundamentally required. However, there are numerous desalination technologies, each with different characteristics and applicability to different scenarios. The appropriate water treatment system for a contingency will depend on numerous factors such as source water availability and composition, desired output quantity, desired product water quality, anticipated length of operation, urgency of need, available infrastructure, available logistics support, available personnel, local security considerations, and local regulatory considerations. The Naval Facilities Engineering Command NAVFAC Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center EXWC evaluated the feasibility of deploying portable desalination systems for contingency response applications at naval installations around the world, and the results are nominally extensible to civil water contingencies.
- Water Pollution and Control