Accession Number:



Operation Albion: German Excellence in Applying Maritime Warfare Theory and Operational Art

Descriptive Note:

Technical Report

Corporate Author:

Joint Military Operations Department, U.S. Naval War College Newport United States

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The Germans applied maritime warfare theory masterfully in executing their operational idea during Operation Albion in World War I. Three naval theorists and their contributions to maritime warfare theory provide key lenses to critique the German execution of their operational idea. First, Germany incorporated Milan Vegos critical elements of a strong operational idea. Further, the idea demonstrated essential components of theater geometry that supported an exceptional balance of the operational factors of time, space, and force. Second, Germanys idea aligned with each of Wayne Hughes six cornerstones of maritime warfare. Third, Germanys operational execution revealed each of Geoffrey Tills requirements for a successful amphibious assault. Germanys application of maritime theory did have some important weaknesses. However, Germanys mitigation of these weaknesses made for nearly seamless execution of their operational idea. Ultimately, Germany achieved its objective because it executed a bold and creative operational idea that exemplified critical tenets of maritime warfare and operational art.

Subject Categories:

  • Naval Surface Warfare
  • Humanities and History

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