Hearables: Multimodal Physiological In-Ear Sensing
Journal Article - Open Access
Imperial College London London United Kingdom
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Future health systems require the means to assess and track the neural and physiological function of a user over long periods of time, and in the community. Human body responses are manifested through multiple, interacting modalities the mechanical, electrical and chemical yet, current physiological monitors e.g. actigraphy, heart rate largely lack in cross-modal ability, are inconvenient andor stigmatizing. We address these challenges through an inconspicuous earpiece, which benefits from the relatively stable position of the ear canal with respect to vital organs. Equipped with miniature multimodal sensors, it robustly measures the brain, cardiac and respiratory functions. Comprehensive experiments validate each modality within the proposed earpiece, while its potential in wearable health monitoring is illustrated through case studies spanning these three functions. We further demonstrate how combining data from multiple sensors within such an integrated wearable device improves both the accuracy of measurements and the ability to deal with artifacts in real-world scenarios.
- Anatomy and Physiology