Head Injury and Bodily Pain in Military Personnel: Robust Evidence in Combat and Noncombat Environments
NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA SAN DIEGO United States
Pagination or Media Count:
Background Concomitant head injury and bodily pain is frequently observed in both civilian and military veteran populations. Problem Statement Although a growing body of literature quantifies these comorbidities in veteran populations, there is little available evidence in active duty military members. Process We evaluated associations between head injury and bodily pain in active duty military members in four independent cross-sectional studies, encompassing both combat and noncombat environments. We hypothesized that individuals endorsing head injury or a positive diagnosis of traumatic brain injury TBI would also experience greater bodily pain symptoms compared with those who did not. The main outcome measures for all studies were head injury or positive diagnosis of TBI. Results Across the four independent studies, the association between head injury and bodily pain was robust to numerous confounding influences, while behavioral health comorbidities consistently met criteria as mediators. Conclusions Bodily pain management is a key component in the medical care and rehabilitation of military personnel with head injuries.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Military Forces and Organizations