The U.S. Needs Trolls: Strategic Concepts to Command the Gray Zone Struggle Technology and Doctrine to Revolutionize Influence Warfare
Gravely Naval Research Group, Naval War College Newport United States
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This paper postulates that improvements in technology will transform influence operations in the medium-term future however, the U.S. will need to take action sooner in order to prevent continued damage to U.S. interests. The U.S. must pursue a two-prong strategy, incorporating technological advances as they become available, while leveraging extant technology into improved doctrine to confront current threats. Critically, the U.S. must leverage the synergies between command of passive information gathering, active narrative shaping, and the transport-layer infrastructure over which information passes.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics