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Winning the Peace: How Can the Military More Effectively and Efficiently Integrate Civilians in Post-Conflict Operations to Achieve Stability

Descriptive Note:

Technical Report

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Air Command and Staff College, Air University Maxwell AFB United States

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The long, drawn out wars of Iraq and Afghanistan have proved the need for quick stabilization of conflict areas. In Iraq, initial plans were to withdraw a large majority of troops months into the operation, but a stable environment required almost a decade to achieve. Stabilization in such a scenario requires Political, Social, Justice, Economic and Security needs to be met. The military has not been equipped to meet these needs by themselves and required civilian agencies and organizations to help accomplish that goal. These civil-military operations CMO must be properly integrated at the outset to be successful. Considering the constrained funding environment of the US, this research report sought to answer the question, How can the military more effectively and efficiently integrate civilians in post-conflict operations to achieve stability Using the problemsolution framework, four solutions to improve civil-military integration were evaluated Standing Joint Interagency Task Forces JIATFs, use of Phase IV stability objectives for the militarys end-state, creation of interorganizational positions and use of wargaming for stability operations. Each was evaluated using cost, schedule and performance as determinate factors where cost and schedule corresponded to efficiency and performance with effectiveness. The research concluded that planning for a Phase IV end-state and wargaming were the most efficient and effective solutions and recommended them for immediate implementation. Based on recent conflicts, the military must not only be focused on winning the war, but also winning the peace.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

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