Assessing the Use of Employment Screening for Sexual Assault Prevention
RAND PROJECT AIR FORCE SANTA MONICA CA SANTA MONICA United States
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Recent estimates show that 2.90 percent of active-duty women and 0.29 percent of active- duty men in the U.S. Air Force experienced a sexual assault in the past year Jaycox et al., 2015. Such experiences can have long-term physical and psychological consequences for victims, including gynecological complications and depression Jewkes, Sen, and Garcia-Moreno, 2002. The threat of sexual assault can also decrease self-perceptions and trust in others Bohner and Schwartz, 1996. The Air Force is committed to preventing sexual assault among its members. As part of its effort to do so, it asked RAND to examine how the Air Force might modify current policies and procedures to identify potential recruits at risk of perpetrating sexual assault. This report reviews current efforts during recruitment to address sexual assault prevention and the policies and practices the Air Force may wish to adopt for screening recruits. For this research, the RAND project team held discussions with representatives from the U.S. Air Force Recruiting Service AFRS and individuals who facilitate the screening process at the Military Entrance Processing Station MEPS. The team spoke with these individuals about general recruitment and accession processes for enlisted airmen, as well as about information recruits receive regarding sexual assault or sexual-harassment policies in the Air Force. The team also reviewed employment-screening measures, such as integrity tests, background assessments, and personality assessments, used to predict and address negative workplace behaviors and examined whether these measures may be used to identify prospective applicants with a proclivity to commit sexual harassment or sexual assault. While no single best method for screening such recruits emerged, there are some practices the Air Force may consider.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Military Forces and Organizations