New Challenges in Cross Domain Deterrence
RAND Corporation Santa Monica United States
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After a period of U.S. primacy that followed the end of the Cold War, the United States has been confronted with successful actions on the part of Russia and China to revise the territorial status quo in Ukraine and the West Pacific. Both countries employed gray zone or hybrid warfare tactics in pursuing these goals. After its 2001 and 2003 invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, the United States was challenged by a significant increase in activity on the part of transnational groups of nonstate actors employing terrorist tactics of warfare as well. The cumulative activities of all of these actors have cast in doubt the territorial status quo in Europe, the Middle East, North and sub-Saharan Africa, and South and East Asia.
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies